Cụm giới từ là gì


Cụm giới từlà một tổ các từ bắt đầu bằng một giới tự và dứt bằng một danh từ, đại từ bỏ hoặc một cụm danh từ có cấu trúc:Cụm giới từ = Giới từ bỏ + Tân ngữ giới từ (danh từ/ đại từ/ cụm danh từ). Nếu như khách hàng đangluyện thi toeicthì chắc hẳn hẳn các bạn sẽ thấy các bài tập về các giới tự có xuất hiện thêm trong những đề thi test toeic hay không khó, là phần hoàn toàn có thể giúp các bạn "cứu" kha khá điểm đấy!



1. Nhiều giới từ với "AT"

• at the age of: Ở độ tuổi- I learned to drive at the age of 21.

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• at the beginning of: cơ hội đầu- I joined a gym at the beginning of the year.• at the bottom of phía dưới cùng- There"s a cửa hàng at the bottom of this hill.• at all costs bất cứ giá nào- I need lớn pass this exam at all costs.• at one"s desk: khu vực làm việc- My manager spoke khổng lồ me at my desk.• at the door: làm việc cửa- There"s somebody at the door.• at the end: cuối- I"m going to Madrid at the over of month.• at fault: bao gồm lỗi- Who was at fault for the accident?• at first: thời điểm đầu- At first, I was happy here but now I"m not.• at first sight: tình yêu sét đánh- We met at university and it was love at first sight.• at a glance: tức thì từ đầu- I knew at a glance that something was wrong.• at a guess - At a guess, 50 people were at the party.• at hand: vào tay- I always have a pen at hand in case I need khổng lồ take notes.• at ...km per hour: sinh hoạt tốc động- He was fined £150 for driving at 200km per hour.• at last: Cuối cùng- At last, our bus has arrived. Thank goodness!• at the latest: thời gian muộn nhất- Cinderella had khổng lồ be trang chủ by 12 at the latest.• at least: Ít nhất- It"s cold but at least it"s not raining.• at length: cực kỳ chi tiết, khoảng thời hạn dài- My dad could talk at length about Irish history.• at midday/midnight: nửa đêm- I went trang chủ at midnight as I was tired.• at the moment: ngay trong lúc này- I"m living in Ireland at the moment.• at night: Buổi tối- I can"t study during the day. I prefer khổng lồ study at night.• at once: từng lần một- Everybody started talking at once.• at present: ngay lúc này- At present, I"m working for a multinational.• at random: Ngẫu nhiên- Numbers are selected at random in a lottery.• at any rate: bất cứ tỉ lệ, ngôi trường hợp- At any rate, I"m confident I"ll find a job soon.• at the same time: cùng lúc- I had fun và improved my English at the same time.• at school: Ở trường- Things were very different when I was at school.• at short notice: Phút chót- She cancelled the meeting at short notice.• at the table: bên trên bàn- The whole family sat at the table for dinner.• at times: bao gồm lúc- At times, I feel lượt thích giving up.• at the đứng top of: Đứng đầu- Barcelona are at the đứng đầu of the Spanish league.• at university: tại trường đại học- I studied economics at university.• at the weekend: Cuối tuần- I love going out with friends at the weekend.• at work: Đang làm cho việc- I"m at work right now so I"ll call you back later.• At a loss: Lỗ- We sold those old computers at a loss.• At a moment"s notice: tức thì lập tức- The soldiers were ready at a moment"s notice.• At a stretch: Một khoảng thời gian liên tục- He worked for fifteen hours at a stretch.• At all costs: bất cứ giá nào- We have lớn retain the majority at all costs.• At cost: giá chỉ gốc- I will sell you the apples at cost.• At first: thời điểm đầu- If at first you don"t succeed, vì it lượt thích your father told you• At full tilt: tốc độ tối đa- Don"t go racing around corners at full tilt or you"ll hit someone.

2. Nhiều giới tự với "BY"

• by accident: Vô tình- I was so sleepy that I put salt in my coffee by accident.• by all accounts: Theo phần đông gì được biết- By all accounts, Seville is a beautiful city.• by appointment: Việc xảy ra vào dịp đặc biệt- The museum is open at weekends by appointment.• by the arm/hand: nỗ lực tay- He took me by the hand as we walked along the beach.• by auction: Đấu giá- We"re selling our antique furniture by auction.• by birth: gốc - I grew up in England but I"m Irish by birth.• by bus/train/plane, etc.- Are you going khổng lồ go there by bus or by train?• by chance: Vô tình- I found some money in my jacket pocket by chance.• by cheque: bởi Séc- l"ue never paid for anything by cheque.• by day/night: thời gian tối- The Eiffel Tower looks spectacular by night.• by design: Định hướng- I became a teacher more by accident than by design.• by the drozen: Một tá- I always buy eggs by the drozen. A drozen means 12.• by far: đến thời khắc này- "Before Sunset" is by far my favourite film• by hand: từ bỏ làm- My granduncle built this house by hand.• by heart: học tập thuộc lòng- At school we had lớn learn poems by heart.• by invitation: Được mời- Membership khổng lồ the club is by invitation only.• by land/sea/air- I get sick whenever I travel by sea.• by law: Bởi điều khoản - Dog owners must have a licence for the pets by law.• by luck: gặp may - They played badly but won the match by luck.• by means of: Bởi- I was able to afford the oto by means of a bank loan.• by mistake: rủi ro - I chose the wrong road by mistake. Now we"re lost.• by nature: từ bỏ nhiên- German people tend to be quite organised bu nature.• by no means: Không chắc rằng gì- It"s by no means certain that the economy will improve.• by now: Đến lúc này- If you don"t know me by now, you"ll never know me.• by oneself -I don"t mind spending time by myself.• by phone - Get in cảm ứng with me by phone if you need any help.• by post: giữ hộ bưu điện- bởi you think it"s safe lớn send cash by post.• by request:yêu cầu- Guided tours of the gallery are available by request.• by rights: Đúng luật

- By rights, it"s my turn lớn play but you can go ahead.• by one"s side: ở kề bên ai

- He was by her side whenever she needed him.• by surprise: Ngạc nhiên

- The unusual question took John by surprise.• by the time: Đến thời gian nào- I"ll have gone khổng lồ bed by the time you get home.• by the way: Nhân tiện- By the way, I won"t be able khổng lồ come to class next week.• by word of mouth: lời nói- The best size of advertising is by word of mouth.• By a whisker: Một khoảng cách cực ky ngắn- I"m lucky to lớn be alive. The bus missed me by a whisker.• By accident: Vô tình- Sorry. I knocked over the vase by accident.• By and large: nói chung, tổng thể- It was, by and large, an unexceptional presentation.• By any chance: bằng cách nào đó- Are you by any chance looking for a new staff member?• By default: việc xảy ra bởi không có hành vi ngăn lại- If we don"t do something, they"ll win by default.

3. Các giới từ bỏ "FOR"

• for ages: thời gian rất lâu- I haven"t seen you for ages. Where have you been?• for breakfast/lunch/dinner: cho bữa ăn- What did you have for breakfast today?• for certain/sure: chắc chắn chắn- I know for certain that I won"t be here next year.• for a change: thay đổi- We always go there. Let"s go to lớn another bar for a change.• for ever (or forever)- Nobody can live for ever, unfortunately.• for example: ví dụ- You could, for example, walk instead of taking the car.• for fear of:Sợ- I didn"t tell him for fear of upsetting him.• for fun- I don"t take thể thao seriously, I do it just for fun.• for good: mãi mãi- I"m not coming back. This time I"m leaving for good.• for hire: bao gồm sẵn mang lại thuê- There are cars and vans for hire at the airport.• for instance: Ví dụ

- You should study another language, for instance, Italian.• for luck: may mắn- I always wear this bracelet for luck.• for life: cả đời- Working for the government is a job for life.• for love: bởi tình yêu- I definitely don"t bởi vì it for the money, I bởi it for love.• for a moment: một thời điểm nào đó- For a moment, I thought she was being serious.• for the moment:lúc này- I"m happy living in London for the moment.• for nothing:Không bởi vì gì cả- I can"t believe it"s closed. I came all this way for nothing.• for once: Ít duy nhất một lần- Late again! For once, can you try lớn arrive on time?• for the rest of: thời hạn còn lại- I could live here for the rest of my life.• for safekeeping: giữ lại an toàn- At the gym, I put my stuff in a locker for safekeeping.• for somebody"s sake: vì tác dụng của ai- Maria was upset so I had lớn be calm for her sake.

Xem thêm: Sms Là Gì - Tin Nhắn Văn Bản

• for the sake of: bởi lợi ích- They stayed together for the sake of their children.• for sale: giảm giá- There"s a lovely house for sale at the kết thúc of this street.• for short: call tắt- My name is John but my family hotline me ) for short.• for the time being: ngay trong lúc này- I"m happy in my current job for the time being.• for a visit/holiday- I"m in the mood for a holiday. Let"s go somewhere.• for a walk: đi bộ- I needed lớn calm down so I went for a long walk.• for a while: một lúc- I haven"t spoken lớn him for a while.

4. Nhiều giới trường đoản cú với "In"

• in a (good/bad) mood: lúc cảm xúc vui, buồn- I"m not in a good mood today so leave me alone, please.• in a hurry: Vội- I can"t talk right now as I"m in a hurry.• in a mess: hỗn độn- The whole house is in a mess. We need lớn tidy it today.• in a way: bằng cách nào đó- Can money buy happiness? In a way, I think so.• in action: Thực tế- I went khổng lồ Camp Nou khổng lồ see Lionel Messi in kích hoạt last week.• in addition (to): Để có tác dụng gì- In addition lớn feeling tired, I felt a bit sick.• in aduance (of): trước- It"s a busy restaurant so we should book a table in advance.• in agreement with: thỏa thuận hợp tác với ai- I"m in agreement with many of the views of my classmates.• in any case: dù sao- I don"t want to go và in any case, I wasn"t invited.• in brief: Tổng thể- The interview was, in brief, a complete disaster.• in case (+ clause): vào trường hợp- Take an umbrella in case it rains.• in case of (+ noun):- In case of emergency, dial 911.• in cash: chi phí mặt- I"d prefer khổng lồ pay in cash, if you don"t mind.• in charge of: bao gồm trách nhiệm, đứng đầu- Our president is too incompetent to be in charge of the economy.• in common (with): Điểm chung- I have a lot of in common with my best friend.• in comparison with: đối chiếu với- The weather in Scotland is awful in comparison with Italy.• in conclusion: Tổng kết -In conclusion, I believe we should vì more to lớn help the poor.• in confidence: túng mật, riêng biệt tư- I told you that story in confidence but you told everyone.• in control (of): kiểm soát- He"s not in control of his emotions so he gets upset very easily.• in danger (of): trong vòng nguy hiểm- If you don"t change your diet, you"re in danger of being very ill.• in debt: nợ nần- He"s in debt, which means he owes money lớn the bank.• in detail: chi tiết- She described what had happened to lớn her in detail.• in difficulty: chạm mặt khó khăn- If you"re in difficulty, I"m happy to lớn give you a helping hand.• in disguise: hoá trang để kiêng gì đó- Celebrities often go out in disguise in order lớn avoid paparazzi.• in doubt: Nghi ngờ- The festival is in doubt on account of the huge storm.• in exchange for: làm những gì để thay đổi lại gì- I washed my father"s oto in exchange for some pocket money.• in fact- I don"t feel tired at all. In fact, I"m full of energy.• in fashion- Beards were in fashion last year but they"re out of fashion now.• in front of- There"s a bus stop right in front of my house, which is handy.• in future- I"m not angry but in future, text me if you"re going lớn be late.• in general: Tổng thể- In general, I think that people in Ireland are very friendly.• in good/bad condition- My oto is in really bad condition so I need lớn get it repaired.• in ink/pencil- It"s better khổng lồ write in pencil so that you can correct it later.• in love (with)- I fell in love with her the moment I met her.• in moderation: trong vòng kiểm soát- I eat meat in moderation as I think too much is bad for you.• in no time: siêu nhanh- Study every day và your cấp độ of English will improve in no time.• in one"s không tính tiền time- I enjoy hanging out with friends in my miễn phí time.• in other words: Giải thích chi tiết thêm- I haven"t got a penny to lớn my name this month. In other words, I"m broke.• in pain -The vet decided lớn put down the animal as it was in a lot of pain.• in particular: say mê gì hơn- I enjoyed my trip to lớn London; in particular, I loved Camden Town.• in person: chạm chán mặt trực tiếp- l"ue spoken lớn him on facebook but never met him in person.• in practice/theory: Theo trả thuyết- In theory, summers should be warm và sunny but it never happens here.• in prison/jail -There"s not a single corrupt politician in prison, which is simply wrong.• in private/public- I have lớn speak to you in private. Vị you have a minute?• in return: Chiều trả lại- I teach her English và she teaches me Spanish in return.• in somebody"s interest- It"s in your best interest to vì a bit of exercise every day.• in somebody"s opinion- In my opinion, Florence is the most beautiful city in the world.• in season- I try lớn buy vegetables and fruits that are in season.• in secret- I told you that story in secret & you told half of the world! • in self-defence - The defendant claimed he had been acting in self-defence. • in some respects - In some respects, I had been expecting Brexit but I"m still surprised.• in stock- I wanted to buy the jacket but the siêu thị didn"t have my kích cỡ in stock.• in summer/winter- There"s nothing better than going lớn the beach in summer.• in tears- He insulted her appearance & she left the party in tears.• in the air- There was a feeling of tension in the air when he entered the room.• in the beginning- It was hard in the beginning but I soon adapted khổng lồ life in Ireland.• in the dark-She hasn"t told me anything. I"m in the dark about her decision.• in the end -In the end, family & friends are the most important people in life.• in the habit of -I"m in the habit of waking up early & going for a run. • in the meantime - The film starts at 19:00. In the meantime, let"s have some dinner.• in the mood for- I"m not in the mood for English class now. I"d prefer khổng lồ watch a movie.• in the mountains- vày you lượt thích spending time in the mountains or vị you prefer the sea?• in the news- Silly celebrities are often in the news in my country. It"s a shame.• in the nude- Stop walking around the flat in the nude - the neighbours can see you.• in time- I left my house early và arrived in time to have a coffee before work.• in cảm biến -I"m not in touch with him any longer. We lost contact a few years ago.• in town -I"ll give you a điện thoại tư vấn if I"m in town next week. It would be nice to catch up.• in two/half -I broke the chocolate bar in two and gave one half khổng lồ my nephew.• in vain- I tried khổng lồ convince her to go out but all of my efforts were in vain.• In a hurry -I can"t stop now. I"m in a hurry.• In a lather -She was in a lather because she couldn"t find her passport.• In a minute -Clean the kitchen, your grandma"s coming in a minute.• In a nutshell -He had a lot lớn say, but his answer, in a nutshell, was no.• In a row -After making losses four years in a row, the manager knew she had to sack someone,• In a row -Bottles of every type of alcohol they had were lined up in a row behind the bar.• In absentia- The defendant was convicted in absentia after fleeing during the trial.• In action- Seeing a steam engine in kích hoạt is increasingly rare.• In kích hoạt -He was wounded in kích hoạt in his second tour.• In advance -The money was paid in advance.• In agreement -I am in agreement with you as far as the basic design, but not with the colour scheme you suggest.• In agreement -The results are in agreement with the calculated figures. • In all honesty - I didn"t get a girlfriend, though in all honesty, I"m still undecided whether I really want to lớn have one.• In order -Place the cards in order by color, then by number.

5. Cụm giới từ bỏ với "ON"

• Act on st (v): hành vi theo mẫu gì- There have been concerns as lớn why the Board didn’t act on a recommended pay raise.• Based on st (adj): dựa trên cái gì- The movie is based on the true story of a England gangster.• điện thoại tư vấn on sb to bởi st (v): lôi kéo ai làm cho gì- They’re calling on all men & boys over the age of 14 to join the army.• phản hồi on st (v): bình luận về mẫu gì- He always comments on my clothes• Concentrate on st (v): tập trung vào vấn đề gì- She gave up her job lớn concentrate on writing a novel.• Congratulate sb on st (v): chúc mừng ai đó trong dịp gì- My friends congratulated me on passing the test• Consult sb on st (v): xem thêm ai kia về vấn đề gì• Count on st (v): lên kế hoạch dựa vào điều gì đó- Sorry I’m late, I didn’t count on being held up in the traffic.• Decide on st (v): đưa ra quyết định về loại gì- I’ve decided on xanh for the bathroom.• Depend on sb/st (v): phụ thuộc vào ai /vào cái gì- The country depends heavily on foreign aid• Get on a train/a bus/ a plane (v): lên tàu hoả/ xe pháo bus/ máy bay• Intent on st (adj): tập trung tư tưởng vào loại gì• Keen on st (adj): mê dòng gì- I’m very keen on sports.• mix on fire (v): phân phát hoả, đốt cháy- The new album of Madonna sets the world on fire.• Smile on sth/sb (v): cư xử tích cực và lành mạnh với ai- The government began khổng lồ smile on small businesses when it realized that they were the key to economic growth.


Trên đó là kiến thức tổng thể và một số ví dụ về cụm giới tự trong giờ anh được trích từ tư liệu luyện thi toeic vày anh anh ngữ Athena biên soạn. Để lấy điểm số suôn sẻ khi chinh phục chứng chỉ toeic, đừng quên update các loài kiến thức, mẹo thi toeic hữu ích trên trang web của trung tâm từng ngày nhé!